Upon returning home Louise commissioned the Franciscan priest Francois Demoulins de Rochefort to create a manuscript depicting the life of Mary Magdalene as a personal book of devotion and a commemoration of the royal pilgrimage. The diminutive manuscript is composed of four parts--the text, which includes both narrative and commentary; the illuminations, which include miniatures of the saint's life as well as depictions of the shrine and relics; multi-lingual mottoes inscribed in the gold frames around the illuminations; and the colored frames with decorative motifs that surround the text.
While ostensibly a saintly vita, the Vie de la Magdalene is, in fact, a complex work that functions on a number of levels. Although much of the manuscript's imagery and content aligns with major aspects of the medieval Magdalene legend, the Vie also has intriguing anomalies that do not have their source in traditional representations of Magdalenian hagiography. This dissertation examines the complexities of the Vie de la Magdalene to demonstrate how and why this vita differs from other accounts of the Magdalene's story.
It argues that Demoulins and Godefroy manipulated the narrative, illuminations, mottoes, and decorative motifs of the manuscript to reflect the personal and political concerns of Louise of Savoy and her children. For example, the author establishes thematic parallels between events in Louise's life and the lives of both Mary Magdalene and the Virgin Mary, just as he makes correlations between Francis and Jesus Christ as Christian kings who are the sons of devoted and courageous mothers. The inclusion of these specific languages reflects not only an interest in humanism at the French court but also Francis's bid to become Holy Roman Emperor.
A corresponding theme emphasizes the Magdalene's role as unctrice in the anointing of Jesus as the first Christian "king," and the significance of her actions to the sacre, the ceremonial anointing of French kings during their coronation. Demoulins incorporates into the Vie specific scenes, characters, text, and themes found in the plays, thereby increasing the dramatic and spiritual impact of the story for the manuscript's reader.
In addition, Godefroy's design of certain miniatures mimics the traditional staging of these plays, and in particular, recreates the experience of viewing the scenes from a royal box, again emphasizing the regal station of the Vie's owner, Louise of Savoy. The last portion of the dissertation is an iconographic analysis of the decorative motifs on the narrative frames and a catalogue of the Vie, including translations of the text and mottoes, and detailed descriptions of the roundel images.
This dissertation adds to the scholarship on the Vie de la Magdalene by examining the components of the manuscript as individual and interactive devices designed to stimulate the reader visually, intellectually, emotionally, and spiritually. Equally important, this dissertation reveals that the Vie de la Magdalene is replete with regal references intended to align Louise of Savoy and Francis I with their illustrious royal ancestors through their mutual devotion to Mary Magdalene and patronage to her shrine at La Sainte-Baume.
I will examine how these authors treat several aspects of Caribbean identity in the age of migration and exile by writing about food. Those aspects include but are not limited to: evolving Those aspects include but are not limited to: evolving gender roles, mother-daughter relationships, and family structures; social injustice both within the Caribbean and also throughout the Caribbean diaspora; Caribbean thinking about the medicinal qualities of food and alternatives to North American or European relationships to food; overturning colonial dichotomies by valorizing the cuisine of oppressed peoples and forming alliances between minority groups through sharing food; and the connections between writing and cooking for Caribbean women.
This dissertation will demonstrate that in Breath, Eyes, Memory , Krik? Reading that code yields a richer and more complete understanding of these fictional works and, by extension, of the cultural phenomena that make up their main themes. Christine's defense of women in the late medieval period has been well-documented by scholars. Yet, she also addresses the criticisms of marriage prevalent in contemporary literature, which are founded on the principle that women are inherently immoral.
In keeping with Christine's stated belief in the moral responsibility of authors, she directly condemns misogamist Show more In this study, I explore how Christine de Pizan challenges misogamist thought through the use of exemplarity in her works. In keeping with Christine's stated belief in the moral responsibility of authors, she directly condemns misogamist authors and their works that appeal to medieval readers.
During approximately the same time frame that Christine records her opinions as a literary critic of these works, she features positive marital exemplars in her own writings that support her point of view. I first examine the autobiographical elements of Christine's works that highlight her personal marital experience. Christine draws authority from her first-hand knowledge of marriage, which supersedes the flawed assumptions of scholars lacking this life experience.
She creates an intertextual memorial to her late husband's good character and recounts her story as a wife and widow. Christine's exemplary narrative promotes the idea of a perfect friendship in marriage, a notion that upholds marriage as a religious and natural union. Furthermore, her close marital relationship contests the veneration of extramarital affairs as seen in the renewed interest in courtly love literature.
To further substantiate her views on marriage, Christine recalls the exemplary stories of legendary wives and widows from France's cultural memory. Through these exemplars, Christine promotes the communal benefits of marriage. In particular, I analyze the advantageous impact of marriage in political, domestic, and spiritual contexts. Comme les repr'sentants de ce mouvement, elle s'attache ' inscrire le peuple de son 'le au c'ur de son 'uvre litt'raire et utilise un langage parsem' de cr'ole et un style cr'olis'. Sans pour cela renier son appartenance ' la Cr'olit', Pineau insiste cependant que son projet d''criture, son combat, est ailleurs: dans l'humain, et plus pr'cis'ment dans l'expression de la condition f'minine.
Show more Gis'le Pineau a 't' d'crite comme une nouvelle voix guadeloup'enne dans le mouvement de la Cr'olit'.
Les personnages de Pineau sont en effet presque toujours des femmes guadeloup'ennes qui 'voluent dans l'espace de son 'le mais aussi en France m'tropolitaine ou bien encore dans le va-et-vient entre les trois p'les majeurs qui ont fa'onn' le pass' et la culture des Antilles: l'Afrique, les Antilles et la France. Les voix masculines n'en sont pas absentes, et jouent parfois un r'le crucial, mais elles sont pour la plupart filtr'es par les voix f'minines. La litt'rature des Antilles exprime avant tout une qu'te identitaire.
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Chez Pineau, et d'autres 'crivaines antillaises, cette qu'te s'articule souvent autour de la maternit'. C'est ce que nous proposons d'explorer dans cette 'tude. Nous d'montrerons que la figure maternelle s'affirme dans l'adversit': elle n'est plus cantonn'e au refus de soi et de la maternit'.
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La m're biologique est n'anmoins d'mystifi'e et le lien ' la m're est inscrit comme essentiel dans la recherche identitaire de la fille. Mais nous verrons que c'est le lien que la m're de substitution et la m're spirituelle vont tisser avec leurs filles qui devient le lieu privil'gi' de la construction identitaire. Title Count Four. Thematically, these poems cover a broad array of personal topics such as family, suicide, fame, fear, violence, and intimate relationships.
All of these often-disparate subjects connect with each other, often in the same poem, in order to create an origin story for a speaker whose life is in constant contradiction with itself. The speaker in these poems Show more The dissertation manuscript Count Four is a collection of poems that attempts to address the often-conflicting identities of their speakers.
The speaker in these poems has spent his life maneuvering the space on the fringes of society, and the consequences of this lifestyle have left the speaker to deal with the emotional trauma. Stylistically, these poems are in direct conversation with the free-verse tradition of American contemporary and confessional poetry. However, the formal and stylistic choices in this manuscript have the genealogy of a literary mongrel because they draw not only from a wide range of poetic styles, but also from a large pool of cultural and musical influences that allow the poems to translate personal experience through the lens of cultural identity.
This dissertation analyzes the thirteenth-century French Moralized Bible now housed in the treasury of Toledo Cathedral. This analysis demonstrates how the manuscript's images create visual exegesis of scripture that is unique and co-equal to the accompanying textual interpretations. The visual exegesis of these images follows the fourfold method of interpretation that The visual exegesis of these images follows the fourfold method of interpretation that was popular during the Middle Ages.
Exegetes employed this method to examine the literal meaning of scripture and uncover spiritual meanings of biblical figures and events. These spiritual interpretations allegorically taught the reader Christian doctrine, tropologically created morals to guide behavior, and anagogically reminded the Christian of their future hope of eternal life with Christ.
French Translation of “Roman” | Collins English-French Dictionary
In order to demonstrate how the images of the Toledo Moralized Bible visually interpret scripture according to the fourfold method, this study focuses on exegesis created by images of Christ in the books of Kings and the Evangelium. In doing so, this dissertation identifies three roles that Christ plays in the Toledo Bible's interpretive images: authenticator, parent, and princely guide.
Analysis of these roles as played by Christ expands our understanding of thirteenth-century Christology and the didactic goals of the Toledo Bible's designers. Scholars agree that Louis IX of France was the intended recipient of the Toledo Bible, and the manuscript presents interpretation of scripture tailored to a royal reader. The Bible's images contain affirmation of religious doctrine and condemnation of non-Christian religions and sects, present insight into attitudes towards Judaism and Jews that is complex and nuanced, and encourage secular rulers to exercise power in service of the Church.
Creator Feltman, Jennifer M.
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Show more Feltman, Jennifer M. This dissertation grounds the widespread interest in depicting the Last Judgment in a contemporary trend in moral theology, which emphasized the need for individual contrition and Show more The Last Judgment, depicted at least twenty times in French sculpture alone, was one of the most frequently represented themes in the architectural sculpture of the thirteenth century, yet no one has explained its vast popularity, nor has anyone addressed multiple sculptural programs through in-depth case studies.
This dissertation grounds the widespread interest in depicting the Last Judgment in a contemporary trend in moral theology, which emphasized the need for individual contrition and confession.
Jacques Lacan : La Troisième, en français, en espagnol, en allemand.
The new interest in moral theology is traced to the educational reforms that were initiated by the Third Lateran Council , most specifically, the education of priests and laity concerning sin, confession, penance, and absolution. I argue that these played into the creation of dramatic programs of the Last Judgment and provides a context for understanding the development of new types of imagery associated with the Last Judgment, such as Confessor Saints, Virtues and Vices, and the Intercessors. Case studies demonstrate that the iconography of the Last Judgment at the cathedrals of Chartres, Paris, Amiens, and Reims provided the clergy and laity alike with site-specific explanations not only of the coming Judgment, but also with visual examples of how to prepare for it.
The appendices provide the first collection of detailed diagrams and descriptions of each sculpted stone in the Last Judgment programs of Chartres, Paris, Amiens, and Reims. They also include a listing of Last Judgment sculptural programs from the twelfth to fifteenth centuries.
Creator Dyckman, Ivy J. Show more Dyckman, Ivy J. This thesis argues that Sade's Justine, his maiden libertine publication that appeared during the waning years of the French literary fairy-tale vogue , is in fact a tragic fairy tale. Using conventional motifs and narrative forms associated with the fairy tale, Sade transformed Justine into a tale Show more Although various writers have made fleeting references to fairy-tale aspects found in the Marquis de Sade's libertine texts, no one has placed him squarely in the fairy-tale tradition.
Using conventional motifs and narrative forms associated with the fairy tale, Sade transformed Justine into a tale that served to entertain and deliver a critical message of the mores and especially the institutions of his era. Sade borrowed elements from all three waves of the one-hundred year vogue to produce the darkest tale of all, which, placed in a socio-historical context, reflected the tumultuous final years of the Enlightenment.
The fairy tales of the earliest writers, most of whom were women, served as models for other writers of the genre throughout the vogue.
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Like the conteuses early female fairy-tale writers , Sade used the frame-tale device to communicate potentially subversive ideas. Justine resembles the Perraldian heroine in that she is physically and spiritually beautiful and survives victimization with courage and dignity. The influence of the second wave, characterized by the oriental tale, is felt in the exotic-erotic fantasy tableaux in Justine and in his designation of the heroine as the storyteller. Finally, Sade integrates satiric, parodic, and libertine features of the tales produced during the third wave.
Sade borrowed from past writers of the genre to create a story so provocative that it was at once banned and influential. He continued the tradition of using the fairy tale as a means of entertainment disguising social criticism. In the context of what many considered to be a frivolous literary form, he spoke about the nature of power and its association with evil.
He used the fairy-tale format to portray crime and thus perpetuate evil through countless retellings.